But unfortunately, experts said, the transition to that way of instruction has been slow going in many places. The word "reading" in elementary classrooms often still refers mainly to print. According to survey data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress, only about 1 in 10 4th graders use computers to access reading-related websites on a daily basis or nearly every day at school. About 30 percent of students in 4th grade classrooms never, or hardly ever, use computers to access such reading material in school.
Rather than having students freely surf the web, many teachers say they send students to handpicked education sites to read and do research on nonfiction topics.
These popular sites all have free content, though some offer additional features for a fee. Newsela This website takes the daily news and makes it student-friendly, adapting each article for five different reading levels. BrainPOP This group of websites features short, animated videos on topics in science, social studies, English, math, the arts, health, and engineering.
Tween Tribune Hosted by the Smithsonian, this free website, geared toward 8- to year-olds, is updated daily with high-interest news articles at four different reading levels. Brenda LeClerc, an elementary reading specialist in Lincoln, R.
Adding digital reading to the already-tough task of teaching elementary students foundational print skills can be daunting, though. Even students born in a digital age need to learn a host of new skills, including how to operate the devices, navigate online tools, manage distractions, and maintain their own safety and privacy. As teachers, we're just realizing how much our own reading and writing lives have changed," said Franki Sibberson, a 3rd grade teacher in Dublin, Ohio, and the vice president of the National Council of Teachers of English.
One of the best ways to teach technical skills is through modeling, many said. Teachers can show students how to use technology by using it themselves and talking out the process. Benedict the African in Chicago, who also consults with other urban schools as a learning-innovation specialist. Students, especially the youngest ones, don't each need their own device to do that, either.
The transition from looking at words and text in print to viewing it on screen isn't hard at all for young students, said Karen Pelekis, a 1st grade teacher in Scarsdale, N. It's what they're already exposed to. Teachers can also use modeling to show young children how to navigate an online space, such as a web-based article with hyperlinks and multimedia. Bass II, the innovation coordinator for instructional technology, information, and library media for the Parkway district in Chesterfield, Mo.
What is this underlined blue thing? Why did the author choose to make that a link? Perhaps the biggest difference between print and online reading is that the latter introduces decisionmaking. In other words, reading goes from being a linear experience in print to being a nonlinear one online.
Teachers need to be direct about that difference, experts said, showing students that sometimes it's OK to stop and click on a link or watch a video in the middle of an article if it will help them understand the content better. The idea is being very explicit and not just assuming they have the knowledge. At the same time, students need to see that, while the format is different, the purpose of reading remains the same.
Some studies have shown that students struggle more with comprehension on digital devices than print materials. A study by the Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop , a research organization for children's digital media, found that 3- to 6-year-olds who read interactive e-books with their parents "recalled significantly fewer narrative details than children who read the print version of the same story.
Reading & Writing
But some educators chalked that up to students not getting explicit instruction on how to navigate online text and transfer those print comprehension skills. Young students also need instruction on how to self-regulate and manage distractions in the online world—when to ignore links, close tabs, and stay on one text or app rather than jumping around to others, for example. Just as young students learn to choose books from the library, many experts said they should also learn to search for texts online.
But, of course, surfing the web is rife with safety and privacy issues, so elementary students will need to do that in a more limited environment. Pelekis sets up wiki pages with links related to whatever her 1st graders are studying—for instance, students can go there to get more information on chicks during a unit on the egg-to-chicken life cycle. Elegantly and functionally curating information is a digital literacy skill everyone can benefit from. By allowing you to save academic research artifacts with a single click, with access to a library of citation support materials, Zotero reminds us all that citing sources is more complicated than a hat tip, and collecting those works cited pages are an important part of the academic and social learning process.
Anything that makes this formerly cumbersome process more streamlined deserves a spot in your browser. Synced learning requires two potentially opposing technologies: the ability to engage the same core material, and the ability to engage Monday, November 25, Home The Future Of Learning. December 23, Share Pin Tweet. Related Posts. November 23, November 1, Please Login to comment. Notify of. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem.
Improving Reading and Reading Engagement in the 21st Century | SpringerLink
Return to Book Page. Preview — Social Readers by Leslie B. Social Readers: Promoting Reading in the 21st Century is about making reading meaningful to the Web 2. Organized into four broad categories--entertainment, active participation, control and choice, and technology--the book offers more than 50 specific project ideas for promoting reading in the classro Social Readers: Promoting Reading in the 21st Century is about making reading meaningful to the Web 2.
Organized into four broad categories--entertainment, active participation, control and choice, and technology--the book offers more than 50 specific project ideas for promoting reading in the classroom, school, library media center, or public library. Each project includes a description, cost estimate, planning time needed, suggested supplies, and instructions for running the project successfully. Topics such as sharing, involvement, book promotions, social networking, and developing informed readers are also covered.
A preface and introduction provide an overview of the needs and preferences of the current generation of students, a discussion of the necessity for socializing reading, and insights into how to use the book effectively. Bottom line: Social Readers will help librarians and educators change their practices to accommodate the ever-evolving needs of today's students. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages.
Improving Reading and Reading Engagement in the 21st Century
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Promoting Reading in the 21st Century
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